The building industries structure is coined by its heterogeneous and multi-corporate composition. Building owners, operators, users, planers and construction companies are each highly specialized entities and use different techniques and technologies to solve their specific tasks. Interoperability is a key factor to fully utilize economic potential and optimize processes.
The main goals are to establish and improve value chains through means of improved interoperability, minimizing calculation and execution risks via integrated use of data and digital simulation of processes and buildings, as well as securing a higher reliability for planning processes and predicted outcomes, such as energy consumption and facility operation costs. The tool to achieve this is called BIM (Building Information Modeling). For this, the introduction and consequently the use of standards is mandatory. These describe electronic data, their utilization and their exchange, as well as operative processes in and between the organizational units and their executing experts.
A common definition of interoperability is:
- The ability of different systems, techniques or organizations to work together. For this, mutual standards must be introduced and utilized.
- The ability for independent, heterogeneous systems to work as close together as possible to exchange information in an effective manner, without the need for specific agreements between the systems.